Why is a brain injury called the “invisible injury”?
Someone with a brain injury may look perfectly normal. No bleeding, no scars, no outward sign of any injury or defect. But inside the skull, their brain may be significantly injured.
Brain Injuries are Caused by Two Mechanisms of Injury: Impact or Inhalation
Impact Brain Injuries
Impact injuries are typically caused by tripping, falling or by vehicular crashes involving automobiles, trucks, bicycles, motorcycles, or skateboards, to name a few.
There are basically two types of impact injuries affecting the brain:
- One is caused by an impact that penetrates the wall of the skull and into the brain.
- The other type is blunt force impact to the skull, causing the brain to move and strike one side of the skull – which results in the brain re-bounding into the other side of the skull. This type of injury is called a “Coup Contrecoup” brain injury; in effect, a double injury.
Both types of impact injuries are capable of causing severe brain injury.
Inhalation Brain Injuries
As for Inhalation injuries, the most common causes are by breathing-in smoke, caustic chemicals, or carbon monoxide (“CO”).
By far, the most common type of inhalation brain injury is caused by carbon monoxide. Because CO is both colorless and tasteless, it is known as a “silent killer.”
How Does CO Injure or Kill?
When you breathe in normal air, oxygen attaches to the red blood cells already in your body to carry that oxygen to your brain and other organs. But if you breathe in CO, it attaches to and attacks your red blood cells thus preventing the delivery of oxygen to your brain. The result: Brain Injury or Death.
If the CO victim isn’t dead, Carbon Monoxide brain injury cases can be very difficult to settle or litigate because the CO victim looks perfectly normal! No crutches, stitches, or a wheelchair — just a normal looking person sitting in the witness box.
So, in order to achieve an appropriate award from the jury, a medical doctor with substantial brain injury expertise such as – CO poisoning expertise – is required in order to properly educate the jury to understand that brain injury damages can last for a lifetime.
Symptoms of Brain Injury
Common symptoms of brain injury include:
- Slurred or altered speech
- Mental confusion
- Blurred vision or sensitivity to light
- Difficulty thinking or understanding
- Memory loss.
If these symptoms are apparent in someone, he or she may well have a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI).
Diagnostic Tools for Brain Injury
Diagnostic tools for confirmation of TBI will likely include:
- Xrays, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and CT scans – for signs of internal bleeding (hemorrhaging) or brain tissue swelling
- Blood samples for carboxyhemoglobin in Carbon Monoxide poisoning cases
From a legal perspective Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) can involve permanent brain damage for the lifetime of the victim.
One of the most important facts that a jury must understand is that a brain injury is an injury for a lifetime.
To the victim, it is: The Cost of Losing What Used To Be Normal
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