(Image by Shawn Winrich via the AP)
On February 18, 2016 a Bell-206 crashed into Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The crash injured the four passengers and the pilot. The boy passenger tragically died after being transported to a hospital.
According to the NTSB preliminary report, “The pilot reported to the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigator-in-charge, that while in cruise flight over Ford Island, he felt a vibration followed by a grinding noise. Shortly after, the pilot heard a loud bang, scanned the instrument panel and saw that the engine instruments indicated the engine was still running, however, rotor rpm decreasing. [It appears that] [t]he pilot [was attempting]  an auto rotation to a grassy area near Contemplation Circle at the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument. As the pilot neared [the]  landing area, he [likely] observed multiple people within the area. The pilot stated he initiated a left pedal turn, attempting to land close to the shoreline. Subsequently, the helicopter descended rapidly into the water, about 20 feet from the shoreline.” http://www.ntsb.gov/_layouts/ntsb.aviation/brief.aspx?ev_id=20160218X71040&key=1 (emphasis added).
This video, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0sTTGlqZDx0 , graphically displays the helicopter making a last minute pedal turn and coming up short of his intended landing spot. This video is difficult to watch for anyone. It’s difficult for me for a lot of reasons, one of them being that as a fellow helicopter pilot, that situation is one of my worst nightmares.
Significantly, the person who took the video—likely by smartphone—appears to be standing in the area where the pilot likely intended to land. Having to make a last minute turn to avoid people while in an autorotation did not help the pilot’s chances of affecting a survivable autorotative “landing.”
This is not the first smartphone crash video taken of a plane crash. http://ktla.com/2015/07/05/video-captures-plane-crash-at-carlsbad-beach-12-year-old-boy-suffers-head-wound/ . This video was taken by a beachgoer on July 4th of an advertising banner plane that lost power and made an emergency landing in the whitewater at a Carlsbad, California beach. This plane hit a young boy who was boogie boarding.
One difference between these two videos is the smartphone user’s location. The user in the Hawaii helicopter crash into Pearl Harbor appears to be located where the pilot may have intended to land.
In both instances, it is the pilot-in-command’s responsibility to execute a safe landing from an inflight loss of engine power. Having made these types of landings in both helicopters and airplanes, I can attest that the margin for error to affect such a safe landing in a helicopter is much lower … especially when you’re carrying passengers in a helicopter.
One thing is certain. The passengers did not cause the helicopter to crash into Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
However, in an event such as this, passengers and their families can encounter unjust legal hurdles when seeking justice after a crash or fatal event. Bailey & Partners—a specialized plane and helicopter crash law firm—leaves no stone unturned when finding liability and getting maximum compensation for the injured persons and family members we represent.
By: Phillip Peche, aviation lawyer @ Bailey & Partners